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动词短语归类
阅读次数:1052 发表时间:2018-6-10

 动词短语往往是同学们考试的失分点之一,因为相关的动词短语数量多,词组相似,难以记忆导致很多同学在做题或考试时出现错误,今天老师就为大家整理出了高中英语高频动词短语,将相似的动词短语进行归类罗列,方便大家理解与记忆。

 

 

act

 

act as  担任...职务 起....作用

act out 表演(对话、故事等)

act for  代理(某人职务);代为(处理某事)

act up 捣乱;出毛病

 

break

 

break away from  脱离,逃离

break down破坏,粉碎;瓦解;出故障,抛锚

break in  闯进,打断;使顺服;插嘴(不及物)

break into  闯入;强行进入(及物,后加进入的地点);突然开始

break out  (战争,疾病,火灾等)爆发,发生;准备使用;起锚

break off 打断,中断

(break the law  违反法律)

(break the record  破记录)

(break one’s promise  失言)

break through 冲破

break up  开垦,破碎;解散,分开,分解

 

bring

 

bring about 引起,实现,导致

(bring (a)round 使改变观点或看法;使苏醒;顺便把某人带来串门)

bring back 送还;使想起,使恢复

bring down 击落;打死,打伤;使倒下;降低

(bring forth 产生,引起,结果)

bring in收获;获利;介绍,引进;聘请;逮捕

bring off 从船上救出;成功地做

bring on促使生长;帮助提高

bring out 取出,拿出;显示出,使出来;出版

(bring over 说服,使改变(思想等))

(bring through 使度过(困难,危机等))

(bring together 使和解)

bring up 提出,提起;抚养,培养;呕吐

 

Call

call at (a place) 访问某地

call in 叫某人进来,邀请

call back 回电话

call for 请求,为……喊出,(接)找某人

call on (upon) 号召,拜访

call out大声叫

call up 打电话给……;召唤,召集,回忆起

 

(catch )

 

be caught doing  被发现做某事

be caught in the rain  淋雨

catch a bus/train   赶汽车/火车

catch a cold  伤风,感冒

catch one’s word  听懂某人的话

catch sight of  发现,瞥见

catch up with  赶上,追及,追上

 

carry

 

Carry out 贯彻,落实(计划,命令……)

Carry off夺走 =carry away

Carry on 继续,坚持下去

Carry through 完成,渡过难关

 

come

 

come about 产生,发生

come across  “偶遇”^ ^

come along  一道来,陪伴;进步,进展;出现

come at  达到,求得,得到;扑向,袭击

come back  回来;恢复,复原

come down  倒下;降落;跌落;病倒

come from  来自,起源于,从~~产生,生于

come in  进来,进入;流行起来;获名次

(come into being  发生,产生,出现,形成)

(come into use  开始使用,获得应用)

come on  上演;开始;赶快;发展;登台;(问题)被提出

come out出来,传出;出版;结果是;褪色;(秘密)泄露

come to  苏醒,复原;共计;达到;归结于

(come to an end  终止,结束)

(come to know  开始了解到)

(come true  实现,成为现实;证实)

come up  长出,发芽;升起;(被)提出

 

cut

cut down 砍倒,减少

cut in 插嘴

cut off 切除,断绝

cut out 删去,略去,戒除

cut up 切碎

 

die

 

die away 消失

die down 逐渐平息

die of 死于(外因)比如车祸

die from 死于(内因)比如心脏病,伤心(…这个愚蠢的例子是星火给的)

die out 绝种

 

(do)

 

be done in  精疲力竭

be done with  完全结束

do a good deed  做一件好事

do away with  去掉,废除;弄死;浪费

do good to (=do sb. good)  有益于

do harm to (=do sb. good)  有害于

do its work  有效,有作用

do much  极有用

do wrong to  做错

do one’s best  尽某人最大努力

do one’s homework  做作业

do one’s utmost  尽力而为

do proud  足以使~~骄傲

do sb. justice  公平对待某人

do some cleaning (V+ing,etc.)  搞卫生

do sb. a favor  帮助某人

do well in  学得不错,干得漂亮

do with  和~~相处,忍受,处理

do without  不需要,不用

do wonders  创造奇迹

have much to do with  和~~很有关系

have nothing to do with  与~~无关

have something to do with  和~~有关

in doing so=in so doing  这时,在这种情况下

 

get

 

get about  徘徊,走动,旅行;(消息)流传

(get accustomed to  习惯于,对~~习以为常)

get across 度过,通过,横过;说服,使理解

get ahead of  胜过,超过

get along  前进,进步;同意;离去

get along with  与~~相处

get at  发现,了解;掌握;攻击

get away  离开,逃脱

get back  取回,回来;报复

get behind  落后;识破

get down  咽下;写下;使沮丧,使抑郁

get down to  认真对待,静下心来

(get familiar with  熟悉)

get in  进入,陷入;牵涉

get off送走;脱下(衣服);下车;动身

get on  上车;穿上;

get on with进展;相处

get out of  由~~出来,从~~得出;避免;退休

get over  越过;恢复,痊愈;克服;完成

(get ready for  为~~作准备)

(get rid of  除去,去掉;免除,摆脱)

get through  到达,完成,通过;及格

get together  积聚,积累;商谈,取得一致意见

get up  起床,起立;研究,钻研;致力于;安排,组织

(get used to  习惯于)

 

give

 

be given to  沉溺于,癖好

give about  分配;传播

give away  赠送;牺牲;泄露;颁发

give back  归还

(give cause  给予~~的理由)

(give ear to  侧耳倾听)

(give forth  发出,放出;发表)

give in  屈服,让步,投降

give in to  同意,接受;向~~让步

give off  发出(烟,气味)

give out  分发,公布

(give place to  让位于,被~~所替代)

(give rise to  引起,导致;使~~发生)

give up  放弃;停止

give way to  让步,退却;屈服于

 

go

 

go after 追求,设法得到

go about 着手处理,忙于

go away 走开,离开

go against 违反,反对

go ahead 进行,进展,干吧,说吧,先走(用于回答别人的请求比如“我能开窗户吗?”)

go along 开始,进展,赞同

go around 流传,四处走动

(go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉)

go by 走过,经过

go for 去请……,努力获取

go in for 从事(某种事业或活动),喜爱,参加

go on 发生,继续

go off 走开,离开,去世

go out (灯)熄灭,过时

go over 审阅,检查,研究

go through审阅,检查,学习,练习,经历,经过

go up上涨,上升

go wrong 出毛病

go into 调查,研究,加入

 

hand

 

hand down留住,把……传下去

hand in交上,交付

hand in hand手拉手,联合,和……一起

hand out分发,施舍

hand over移交

(by hand用手工)

(at hand在手头,即将到来)

 

hold

 

hold …back 阻止(经常是眼泪)

hold on 等一等(电话用语)

hold out伸出

hold up举起,阻挡,停顿

 

Keep

 

Keep away from 避开,不接近

(keep a record 作记录)

keep back 阻止,隐瞒不讲,留下

keep off 使……不接近

Keep on (doing sth.) 继续(反复)做某事

keep…out of… 使……不进入,挡住

keep up 坚持,不使(斗志)低落,保持,维持,继续

keep up with 跟上

(keep in touch with 与……联系)

(keep fit 保持健康)

 

look

 

look about  四下环顾;查看

look after  照顾,看管

look around  东张西望

look at  注视,着眼于

look back  回顾

look for  寻找;期待,期望

look down on  俯视;轻视

look forward to  盼望,期待

look into  窥视;调查;浏览

look like  看起来象

look on  旁观;面向

look out向外看;注意;当心,堤防

look over  从上面看过去;检查

look through  透过~~看去;看穿;浏览

look up to仰望,尊敬

 

make

 

be made from  由~~原料制成

be made of  由~~材料制成

be made up of  由~~组成

(make a fool of  愚弄,欺骗)

(make a mistake  弄错)

(make advantages/use of  使用,利用)

make after  追求,追赶

make into  把~~制成,使~~转变为

(make oneself at home  随便,别拘束)

make out 理解;辨认出;填写;开支票(+that:声称,假称)

(make the best of  尽量利用;极为重视=make full use of)

make off 匆匆离开

make up  弥补,修理;赔偿,补偿;起草;编造;化妆

make up for弥补

make way for   为~~让路,让路于

 

 

pass

 

pass away 去世,死(委婉说法)

pass by 通过,从旁边经过

pass down 传下来,流传,使世代相传 ,一代一代传下去

pass on (to sb)转交给(某人),传给(某人)

pass out 失去知觉,昏厥

pass through 穿过,越过

(pass the examination 通过考试)

 

pull

 

pull down拆毁

pull in车停下,车进站

pull off完成,扯下

pull out拔出,抽出,车、船驶出,摆脱困境

pull oneself up 立起身来

pull through 渡过难关,恢复健康

 

put

 

put aside   把~~放在一边;搁置;排除

put away   把~~放好,把~~收拾;储藏;吃喝,吃掉

put back   把~~放回原处;驳回

put down放下;镇压;制止;记下;削减;降落

put forward   提出;拨快;建议,推荐;提倡,倡议

put ~~ into  把~~放入;插入;翻译成

put off   推迟,延期;消除;推脱,推辞

put on   上演;穿上,带上

(put one’s heart into   全神贯注,专心致志)

put up   举起,挂起;提名,推荐;陈列

put up with   忍受,容忍

put through 电话接通

 

run

 

(in the long run终究,到最后)

run across偶遇

run after追捕,追求

run against违反,不利于

run away逃跑,花掉

run into偶遇,撞上,跑进,插进

run off逃走,流畅地写

run out用完(主语是被用的那个物)

run out of用完(主语是用东西的那个人)

 

see

 

see about负责处理(弄到、安排)

see after=look after照顾

see through看穿,识破

see too注意,照料,负责,修理

 

send

 

send away 把……打发走

send for 派人去请(医生什么的)

send out 派遣,发出(光亮等)

send up 发射(火箭等)

send off 寄出,派遣;给……送行,邮寄

 

set

 

set about 着手干

set aside存蓄,留出

set down放下

set in设置(小说戏剧等)背景于……

set forth陈述,提出

set off动身出发,引起

set out出发(to do)

set up创立

 

show

 

show…in 带……进来

show off炫耀

show up暴露,露面

 

stand

 

stand by和……一起,坚持、支持

stand for代表

stand up起立,(观点等)站得住脚

satnd out显眼,引人注目

 

 

take

 

take away拿走,减去;夺去,消除

take after长得像,性格来自于

take back取回,带回,归还,取消,撤回

take down拿下,取下;拆毁,拆卸;记下

take in吸收,吸取,摄取;包括;接受,收容;理解,领悟;受骗

take it easy放轻松啦啦~慢慢来~

take off飞机起飞;匆匆离开;脱去,拿去,取消

take on承担;从事;呈现;具有

take out拿出,取出,拔去

take over继承,接管,最终取代

take up开始从事,着手处理;拿起;占据;消耗;接纳

(take a seat   就坐)

(take a shower   淋浴,洗澡)

(take care of  当心,注意;照顾;提防;谨慎;处理,对付;负责)

take ~~ for  把~~当作

(take one’s place  就坐,入坐)

(take one’s temperature  量体温)

(take part in  参与,参加)

(take place = happen  发生,举行)

(take the place of  代替)

 

throw

 

throw about乱扔(东西)

throw at投向

throw away抛弃;浪费

throw off扔掉,摆脱掉;匆匆脱掉衣服

throw up举起,抛起;吐出,呕吐

 

turn

 

turn on   打开(自来水,电器开关);反对;依靠,依赖,取决于

turn off   关上(自来水,电器开关);解雇,辞退;避开(问题);制造;生产

turn up 出现,露面;音量调高;寻找,查阅,参考

turn down 音量调小;折叠,翻下,驳回,拒绝考虑

turn upside down   颠倒过来,翻过来;使陷入混乱

turn into   变成,变为;翻译成

turn out 培养,生产;证明是;制成;实际情况是

turn out to be   原来是,证明是,结果是

turn to变成;着手于,求助于

turn to ~~for help   求助于

(in one’s turn    轮到某人做某事)

turn (a)round   使变好;旋转,转过身来;改变意见;采取新政策

turn over翻身

(take one’s turn to do    轮到做)

(take turns 轮流)

(turn a blind eye to    对~~视而不见)

 

Work

 

Work at(on)致力于,从事于

Work out 算出,制定出,想出

(At work 在工作,在运转)

(Out of work失业)

 

 

 

来源:百度文库等综合整理


 

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