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There be 句型与have, has的区别
阅读次数:6967 发表时间:2010-4-2

 

        There be 句型与have, has的区别

 

一、There be句型

1.表示:在某地有某物或某人。

2.在there be 句型中,主语是单数或不可数名词,be 动词用is

主语是复数,be 动词用are ;如有几件物品,be 动词根据最近be动词

的那个名词决定。

There is a book on the desk.  There is some water in the glass.

There are three men under the tree .  There is a bag,two books

and three pens on the desk.

3.there be句型的否定句在be 动词后加not , 一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。

There is a duck in the river.

否定句:There is not a duck in the river.

一般疑问句Is there a duck  in the river?

4.some 和any 在there be 句型中的运用:some 用于肯定句

any 用于否定句疑问句。

5.and 和or 在there be句型中的运用:and 用于肯定句

or 用于否定句或疑问句。

6.针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

   How many +  名词复数 + are there  + 介词短语?

   How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 介词短语?

7.针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:

   What’s + 介词短语?

 

二、have,has

1.表示:某人或某物拥有”什么东西,强调“所属关系”,

而且某人某物作为句子的主语。

2.have用在人称I,we,you,they和复数的人或物后面

has用在人称he, she, it和单数和人或物后面

I have a daughter.  He has a lucky dog.

 

三、There be句型与have,has有时也可以通用。

如:The classroom has ten desks. = There are ten desks

 in the classroom. 教室里有十张桌子。

 

注意:

1.“have + 表示一日三餐的名词”,意为“用餐”。

如:have breakfast吃早餐,have lunch吃午饭,have supper吃晚饭。

2.“have + 表示食品、饮料等名词”,意为“吃;喝”。如:

have (some) bread吃面包,have eggs (for breakfast) (早餐)吃鸡蛋,

have (a cup of) tea 喝(一杯)茶。

3.“have + 表示动作的名词”,没有固定的意思,常与表示动作的名词同义。如:

  have a rest 休息一下

  have a swim 游泳

  have a drink (of...)喝一点(……)

  have a look (at ...)(朝……)看一眼

  4.“have + 表示某种活动的名词”,意为“进行,举行”。如:

  have a class (学生) 上课

  have a birthday party 举行生日聚会

 

相关练习题

一、用恰当的be动词填空。

1.There          a lot of sweets in the box.

2.There          some milk in the glass.

3.There          some people under the big tree.

4.There          a picture and a map on the wall.

5.There          a box of rubbers  near the books.

6.There          lots of flowers in our garden last year.

7.There          a plate of chicken behind the fridge yesterday.

8.There          four cups of coffee on the table.

 

二、用 have或has填空。

1.I ________  a nice picture.

2.He ________  a good friend.

3.They _________ some kites.

4.We ________ some flowers.

5.She __________  a duck.

6.My father __________  a new bike.

7.Her mother _________  a vase.

8.Our teacher _________  an English book.

9.Our teachers _________ a basketball.

10.Their parents __________  some story books.

11.Nancy _______  many skirts.

12.David ________ some jackets.

13.My friends  ________ a football.

14.What do you ________  ?

15.What does Mike ________ ?

16.What do your friends _________ ?

17.What does Helen _________ ?

18.His brother _______ a basketball.

19.Her sister _______ a nice doll.

20.Miss Li ________ an English book.

 

三、用“have,has” “there is , there are” 或者“is there , are there”填空。

1. I ______ a good father and a good mother.

2. ___________ a book on the desk.

3. He ________ a tape-recorder.

4. ____________ a basketball in the playground.

5. She ________ some dresses.

6. They _________ a nice garden.

7. What do you _________  ?

8. _____________ a reading-room in the building?

9. What does Mike _________ ?

10. _____________ any books in the bag?

11. My father _______ a story-book.

12. ______________ a story-book on the table.

13. ______________ any flowers in the garden?

14. How many students ____________ in the classroom?

15. My parents _________ some nice pictures.

16. ____________ some maps on the wall.

17. _____________ a map of the world on the wall.

18. David ________ a car.

19. David’s  friends ___________ some dogs.

20. _____________ many children on the hill.

 

四、把下列句子改为否定句。


1. I have a ping-pong ball.

                                   

2. We have a basketball.

                                   

3. They have a new TV.

                                    

4. They have many flowers.

                                   

5. Mr Smith has a telephone.

                                   

6. His aunt has a new TV.

                                   

7. He has a nice room.

                                    

8.There is an apple in the basket.

_____________________________________

9.There are some boys in our class.

_____________________________________


 

五、把下列句子改成一般疑问句并做肯定和否定回答。

1. I have a ping-pong ball.

                                                          

2. We have a basketball.

                                                         

3. They have a new TV.

                                                          

4. They have many flowers.

                                                      

5. Mr Smith has a telephone.

                                                      

6. His aunt has a new TV.

                                                         

7. He has a nice room.

                                                     

8.There is an apple in the basket.

_______________________________________________________

9.There are some boys in our class.

_____________________________________________________

六、单项选择。

(    ) 1. _____ he have a pencil case ?  

A. Do    B. Does    C. Is    D. Are

(    ) 2. I ___ a football, and Jiamin _____ a basketball.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 3. Does he have a computer? No, he ______.

A. doesn’t    B. don’t     C. hasn’t    D. haven’t

(    ) 4. Mr White ____ two children.

A. doesn’t have  B. have  C. doesn’t has   D. don’t have

(    ) 5. Does Tom _____ any erasers ? Yes, he ______ some.

A. have, have    B. has, has     C. have, has     D. has, have

(    ) 6. Many people _____ computers now . 

A. have    B. has    C. are

(    ) 7. They ____ some oranges.

A. have    B. has    C. are there

(    ) 8._____ you got a card?

A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 9._______ any teachers in the office?

 A. Have    B. has    C. Are there

(    ) 10.Is there a goose in the river? _____________. 

       A. Yes ,he is     B. No, there is .    C. Yes,there is.

   


 

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